Humanitarian Aid

Caritas Nepal > Humanitarian Aid

Bhutanese Refugee Education Programme (BREP)

During the early 1990s, years of rising tensions in Bhutan erupted into violence between the government and “Lhotshampas” (Bhutanese residents of Nepali ethnicity). Fear and persecution caused many Lhotshampas to flee their homes to Nepal. By early 1990s, the bank of river Maidhar in Eastern Nepal was occupied by thousands of Bhutanese refugee seeking asylum in Nepal.

Caritas Nepal was the first responder to provide food and non food items. Later, other agencies provided materials for basic needs and Caritas Nepal focused on providing services to ensure the right to education of Bhutanese Refugee Children. This included formal school activities held in the camps since 1991. From 1993 onwards, Caritas Nepal is implementing the Primary Education for the refugee children with the support of UNHCR and has raised funds by itself to implement secondary education activities for the children. These activities are being continued till date.

The Bhutanese families could not go back home and they were then re-settled in third countries namely USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Europe. Earlier there were seven refugee camps and now only two camps are left – Beldangi in Jhapa District and Sanischare in Morang district. At the moment, the Refugee population in the remaining two camps is 6,809 and the total number of resettled refugees is 1,12,966. Caritas Nepal continues to provide services to ensure right of education of the refugee children.

European-Asian Partnership for Building Capacities in Humanitarian Action

Goal: To support the partner organization in strengthening capacities at strategic and operational level in Humanitarian action

Location: Jhapa, Udaypur, Mohottari, Dhanusha, Saptari, Chitwan, Sindhupalchowk, Sindhuli, Rupendehi, Kapilvastu, Dang, Pyuthan, Banke, Mugu/Jumla, Kanchanpur and Doti

European Asian Partnership for Building Capacities in Humanitarian Action (PEACH) is a EU funded project of Caritas Organizations’ consortium of EU-Asia. Caritas Consortium consists of 10 Caritas member organizations led by Caritas Austria, two more organizations from Europe (Caritas Czech Republic & Caritas Romania) and seven from Asia (CN, Caritas India, Caritas Pakistan Caritas Myanmar, Caritas Philippines, Caritas Bangladesh and Caritas Asia).

Issues covered by capacity building training provided: Basic Principle and Standards in Humanitarian Aid: Humanitarian service delivery using CI Guideline / Tool Kit; Cash transfer in times of emergency; Volunteer Management; Needs Assessment for emergency response.

Gorkha Earthquake Recovery and Resilience Programme

Goal: Earthquake affected households in Gorkha Municipality re-build their lives and are more resilient to disasters.

Location: Gorkha Municipality (all 1-15 wards) People reached: 6,789

Period: October 2017 to September 2019

The 2015 earthquake epicenter Gorkha was devastated with all the possible losses i.e. with hundreds of casualties and with millions of worth of physical damage. The district faced scarcity of everything, lack of cash, resources, knowledge on earthquake resistant shelter techniques, skills in WASH and livelihoods to rebuild their home, recover their livelihood needs and maintain hygiene and sanitation. All these scarcity made impossible for Gorkha to get back to normal.

During this time, at the verge of absolute nothing, Caritas initiated to rebuild lives of affected people in Gorkha. Though the beginning was difficult, however, with a clear vision and good team members, Caritas launched the project in 15 wards of Gorkha municipality to provide safe, adequate, sustainable and sanitary environment, to make access of safe drinking water, appropriate sanitation and healthy environment for the affected. Caritas Nepal is implementing earthquake recovery activities in shelter, WASH and livelihood sectors at Gorkha Municipality. The project recover their livelihoods through various trainings and related support. Livelihood practices will be improved and proactive participation in and influence of recovery activities.

The objectives of the programs are:

Objective 1: Earthquake affected households are living in safe and adequate earthquake resistant shelters.

Objective 2: To ensure that the earthquake affected households are using appropriate WASH facilities, Caritas Nepal repaired or constructed drinking water supply systems, oriented and mobilized people to improve hygiene and sanitation situation at the household and community levels.

Objective 3: To ensure increased livelihood security for the people affected by the earthquake.

Objective 4: To ensure earthquake affected communities have access to safe, dignified and accessible Programmes that increase their physical and mental well-being.

Objective 5: To increase resilience of earthquake affected communities to disaster risks.


The programme is being implemented in 16 ward locations as per the new Municipality or Rural Municipality structure. These locations are in 4 of the 14 most earthquake affected districts of Nepal.

Locations (District and villages):

  1. Dolakha district – Bigu 2 (Orang), Bigu 3 (Bulung), Sailung 6 & 7;
  2. Sindhupalchowk district – Sunkoshi 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (Kalika, Thokarpa, Yamunadanda, Sunkhani);
  3. Kavrepalanchowk district – Panauti-11 (Balthali), Mandandeupur-10 (Chandenimandan), Chaurideurali 1, 2, 3;
  4. Sindhuli – Golanzer – 6 (Baseswar) and Hariharpur Gadhi -1. Th is programme is supported by CI and consortium of partners (Caritas Organizations and other catholic organizations).

Nepal Earthquake Recovery Programme (NERP)

Goal: Earthquake affected households are living safe and dignified lives.

Period: January 2016 to June 2019.

Nepal Earthquake Recovery Programme (NERP) is enabling earthquake affected 9409 households (46,640/- people) to realize a holistic recovery. Social and economic recovery services in shelter, WASH, livelihood, DRR, social protection and psychosocial support have been provided to the households affected by the major earthquakes of 2015.

Livelihood and WASH recovery project

Goal: Restore and enhance the resilience of the people affected by the earthquake.

Locations: 4 wards of Chautara Sangachowkgadhi Municipality and Indrawati Rural Municipality of Sindhupalchowk.

Period: January 2018 to December 2019

The project entitled “Livelihood and WASH Recovery project in Sindhupalchok” has been implemented through local implementing partner Janahit Gramin Sewa Samittee (JGSS). The project intervention includes: organizing communities by forming committees and groups for recovery and reconstruction; applying building back better technologies for reconstruction such as in shelter; building essential community infrastructures such as irrigation systems; creating awareness on DRR and mobilizing communities to improve resilience; promoting micro-finance and rural livelihoods through training and support; coordinating with local government for undertaking activities in a synergistic manner.

Nepal Flood and landslide Response

Goal: Provide relief to address immediate life-saving needs of flood and landslide-affected men, women, and children.

Location: 36 wards of 13 Municipality/Rural Municipality in 7 Districts

Period: July 2017 to November 2017

Due to the continuous heavy rainfall in many parts of Nepal in June to August period of 2017, 35 out of 75 districts of Nepal were affected by landslides and/or floods. 1.7 million people were reported to be affected (Reliefweb – August, 2017). Caritas Nepal provided emergency relief to the affected people.

The relief assistance has helped the floods and landslides affected people to meet their immediate lifesaving need. However, there is an urgent need of recovery activities especially Livelihood, resettlement and reconstruction of shelter for the safe return of the affected population to normality.

Strengthening Tailor Made Assisted Voluntary Return Project (STAVR)

Goal: To help the Nepali people who have returned from Europe to be reintegrated in Nepal and pursue a dignified life.

Period: April 2017 to March 2020

Europe has been a destination of choice for many Nepalese seeking economic opportunities and a better life. The main push factor for migration from Nepal is due to lack of employment opportunities in Nepal. The European Union and national governments of European countries have put in place strong policies and measures to prevent illegal migrants to stay and work in their countries. Migration for economic purposes is strongly discouraged.

Still there are many Nepalese who have ended up in Europe in one way or other. From 2007 onwards, Caritas Internationalist and European Union have been helping these people to return to Nepal voluntarily and be re-integrated here with the STAVR project. Those who have returned are provided counseling, guidance and fund support for income generation (based on business plans), and linkage support for reconciliation with family by Caritas Nepal. Each returnee is monitored by Caritas Nepal for some time and guided to be effectively reintegrated.

Nepal Flood Response and Early Recovery Programme

Goal: Contribute to the recovery of flood-affected families to live a dignified life and enhance their resilience.

Locations: Saptari, Nawalparash, Bardiya, Banke, Jhapa, Sunsari, and Dhanusha; 48 Wards of 8 Rural Municipalities , 4 Municipalities and 1 Sub Metropolitan Location.

Period: November 2017 to October 2018

The heavy rainfall in many parts of the country in early Monsoon period of 2017 resulted in more than 1.7 million people being affected by flood and landslide. Caritas Nepal first undertook relief operations and later supported the recovery activities with the support of Caritas Internationalis.

With the objective to enhance livelihood of flood affected households, Caritas Nepal conducted various livelihood related training and support activities (such as livestock trainings, agricultural input supports, and cash for work activities). Additional activities included disinfection of hand-pumps, hygiene awareness, and health camps to ensure good health of the people affected by the disaster.